1985 – The young American peace activist, Samantha Smith, is invited to the Soviet Union by CPSU General Secretary, Yuri Andropov, after she wrote him a letter voicing her concerns about nuclear war.
1990 – Violeta Chamorro becomes the first-ever President of Nicaragua.
Born on this day in…
1917 – Ella Fitzgerald (d. 1996), an American jazz singer, was known by several nicknames such as “the First Lady of Song”, “Queen of Jazz”, and “Lady Ella.” Her strong, clear voice was famous for its purity of tone, phrasing, intonation, and horn-like quality, especially during scat singing. During her life, she was married two times to Benny Kornegay and Ray Brown. With her latter husband, she had a son, Ray Brown Junior. She was known to be shy according to those around her and she supported charities such as the American Heart Association and the City of Hope Medical Center.
Died on this day in…
1566 – Diane de Poitiers (b. 1499) was a French noblewoman and courtier who caught the eye of King Henry II of France. As the king’s Maîtresse-en-titre, she possessed great power and influence. As a young woman, she married Louis de Brézé, Seigneur d’Anet with whom she had two daughters, Françoise and Louise. In addition, she first served Queen Claude of France, Louise of Savoy, and Eleanor of Austria. As the mistress of the French King, she took the crescent moon as her symbol and was inspired by Diana, the Roman goddess. After the death of her husband, she wore only the colors of white and black to denote her widowhood and because they were the colors of the moon and the night time.