1518 – Bona Sforza was crowned Queen Consort of Poland after her marriage to Sigismund I the Old, King of Poland. She belonged to the powerful Sforza family and became very involved in Polish-Lithuanian politics after her marriage. Implementing various reforms, one of which was the Wallach Reform, she was able to generate a steady revenue. Eventually, she became the wealthiest landowner in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
1899 – Queen Victoria granted a Royal Charter to the St. Andrew’s Ambulance Association.
1909 – Joan of Arc is beatified in Rome by Pope Pius X. The one they called The Maid of Orléans played a part in saving France and urging the Dauphin, Charles to take back his country from the English. She was later burned by the English as a witch.
Born on this day in…
1446 – Ippolita Maria Sforza (d. 1484) was an Italian noblewoman and a part of the powerful Sforza family. Ippolita had passed away before Alfonso, Duke of Calabria became King of Alfonso II of Naples, thus she was never queen consort of Naples. The marriage between Ippolita and Alfonso was a politically powerful one, resulting in three children. While it started off as a happy union, Alfonso at some point stopped respecting his wife. It is said that Alfonso was threatened by her immense intelligence and noble pedigree.
Died on this day in…
1942 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (b. 1875) was an art patron, sculptor, collector, and foundress of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City, NY. Belonging to the Vanderbilt family, she married into the Whitney family and was a popular socialite and hostess. After the First World War, she created realistic sculptures of soldiers in the battle field which weren’t prized by her contemporaries.