Born on this day in…
1820 – Anna Sewell (d. 1878) was an English novelist who penned the 1877 classic Black Beauty. As a little girl, Ms. Sewell slipped while in the act of returning home from school and she irreparably injured her ankles. For mobility, she relied upon horse and from this was born her love for horses as well as the humane treatment of animals.
1863 – Mary Whiton Calkins (d. 1930) was an American psychologist and philosopher. She was the first female president of the American Philosophical Association and the American Psychological Association. In addition, Ms. Calkins was the first woman to earn a doctorate degree in the field of psychology and made several significant contributions.
1882 – Melanie Klein (d. 1960) was an Austrian-British psychoanalyst who specialized in child psychology and contemporary psychoanalysis. She was one of the pioneers of the object relations theory. Ms. Klein was one of the first psychologists to utilize psychoanalysis on children. Her influences were Sigmund Freud and Karl Abraham.
Died on this day in…
1465 – Isabella of Clermont (b. 1424), also known as Isabella of Taranto, was Princess of Taranto and the first Queen Consort of Naples. She married Ferdinand, the illegitimate but favorite son of Alfonso V of Aragon who wanted Ferdinand to have his own domain.
1806 – Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire (b. 1757) was a British noblewoman, a celebrated socialite of her time, and a fashion icon who inspired others. Aside from being a political activist, Georgiana wrote her autobiographical novel The Sylph. She was an ancestress of Diana Spencer, Princess of Wales.
1842 – Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun (b. 1755), known as Madame Le Brun, was a popular French painter. While she painted in the Rococo era, she did have elements of Rococo and Neoclassical in her style. During the Ancien Régime (before the advent of the French Revolution), she served as the official portraitist of the ill-fated French Queen, Marie Antoinette.