1461 – Queen Margaret of Anjou is defeated at the Battle of Towton by young Edward of York, who is then crowned King Edward IV. After facing defeat, Margaret escaped into Wales and then Scotland.
1867 – Queen Victoria of England establishes the Dominion of Canada after giving her Royal Assent to the British North America Act.
1871 – Queen Victoria opened the brand-new Royal Albert Hall, commemorating her late husband who passed away in 1861.
Born on this day in…
1373 – Marie d’Alençon (d. 1417) was a French noblewoman as well as a Princess of the Blood. Her husband was John Harcourt, Count of Harcourt and Aumale, Viscount of Châtellerault, Baron of Elbeuf, of Mézières, of Lillebone, of La Saussaye. The couple had three children: John, Marie, and Jeanne. She is the ancestress of: Mary, Queen of Scots; Henry IV of France; Louis XIV of France; Henrietta Maria of France who married King Charles I of England.
1842 – Emilia Baeyertz (d. 1926) was a Welsh Christian evangelist and missionary. Having been raised in the Orthodox Jewish tradition, she later fell in love with an Anglican Christian man and later converted. She gave her own sermons and contributed to the World Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA).
1893 – Astrid Holm (d. 1961) was a Danish theater and film actress who was well-known in the silent film era. She studied at the Royal Danish Ballet but eventually embarked upon a career as an actress. She later married Holger Holm, a ballet dancer who died in 1913.
Died on this day in…
1906 – Slava Raškaj (b. 1877) was a Croatian painter and was considered one of the greatest watercolorists during the turn of the century. Her works were exhibited around Europe in the 1890’s and were presented at the 1900 Paris Expo.