1915 – Mary Mallon, also known as Typhoid Mary who was the first identified disease carrier was placed in quarantine. Ms. Mallon would spend the rest of her life there.
Born on this year in…
1724 – Jane Colden (d. 1766) was an American botanist and was considered to be the first female botanist in America. Through botanist John Ellis, it was communicated to famous botanist, Carl Linnaeus that Ms. Colden was using the Linnaean system of plant identification to catalogue American flora. Most notable amongst her works is a manuscript (without a title) with drawings of 340 different species of flowers. She later married and died in childbirth.
1734 – Lady Diana Beauclerk (d. 1808) was an English noblewoman and artist. She was married first to Frederick St John, 2nd Viscount Bolingbroke which ended in divorce. Her second marriage to Topham Beauclerk was a happier union. Amongst her friends were Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire; Charles James Fox; and Samuel Johnson.
1862 – Jelena Dimitrijević (d. 1945) was a short story writer, novelist, poet, social worker, feminist, and traveller. Ms. Dimitrijević travelled with her husband abroad and studied the life of Muslim women in Turkey. She was considered one of the first feminist writers in Serbia.
1862 – Dorothea Fairbridge (d. 1931) was a South African authoress and co-foundress of the Guild of Loyal Women, a charitable organization. The purpose of the Guild of Loyal Women was support the forces of British Empire and it encouraged women to get involved during the Second Boer War.
1878 – Kathleen Scott (d. 1947) was a British noblewoman and sculptor. She was the wife of Robert Falcon Scott, the Antarctica explorer, and mother of Sir Peter Scott, a painter and ornithologist in his own right. She was a member of the International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers.
1883 – Marie Under (d. 1980) is one of the most celebrated Estonian poets. She was a co-foundress of the Estonian Writers’ Union in 1922.
Died on this day in…
1615 – Margaret of Valois (b. 1553) was a French princess of the house of Valois who was Queen of both Navarre and France. Her husband was Henry IV of France. Margaret as known to be one of the most fashionable women of her time and was often used as a political pawn.
1949 – Elisheva Bikhovski (b. 1888) was a Russian-Israeli poet, writer, literary critic, and translator. Ms. Bikhovski studied the Hebrew language and Jewish culture, eventually adopting the biblical Hebraic name Elisheva while her original name was Elizaveta. She wrote her works in Hebrew and translated Hebrew and English poetry into Russian.
1977 – Shirley Graham Du Bois (b. 1896) was an American playwright, authoress, composer, African American activist, and wife to the legendary W.E.B. Du Bois. During her life, Ms. Du Bois and her husband became citizens of Ghana, eventually emigrating there. An award-winning authoress, she was awarded the Messner and Anisfield-Wolf prizes for her writings.