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Women in History: March 22nd


1638 – Anne Hutchinson a Puritan spiritual adviser and a key player in the Antinomian Conspiracy (which centered on the “covenant of grace” versus “covenant of works”) was banished by the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1872 – Illinois was the first state to include gender equality in the workplace.

1997 – Tara Lipinski was the youngest women’s World Figure Skating Champion at 14 years and 10 months.

Born on this day in…

1855 – Dorothy Tennant, Lady Stanley (d. 1926) a Victorian neoclassist painter. Ms. Tennant studied under the tutelage of Edward Poynter at the Slade School of Fine Art and Jean-Jacques Renner in Paris. Marrying twice, her first husband was an explorer of the African continent, Henry Morton Stanley and her second husband, Henry Jones Curtis was a pathologist, surgeon, and writer.

1884 – Lyda Borelli (d. 1959) was an Italian silent film actress. Ms. Borelli who was the first diva in Italian cinema was inspired by the modernist movement as well as the Pre-Raphaelites. She is said to have had a distinct physical similarity to Elizabeth Siddal who was painted often by Gabriel Rossetti. Italian intellectual, Antonio Gramsci said of her, “[Lyda] Borelli is the artist par excellence of the film in which language of the human body in its plasticity always renews itself.”

1899 – Ruth Page (d. 1991) was an American ballerina and choreographer who made innovative contributions to American themes. In her time, she choreographed for large-scale productions such as “The Nutcracker.” When she passed away, she was interred in Graceland Cemetery, five feet from the legendary Ernie Banks of the Chicago Cubs.

1901 – Greta Kempton (d. 1991) was an American artist who was the appointed portraitist during the Truman administration. It is said that Ms. Kempton’s art was reminiscent of Rubens and Rembrandt as well as other European masters.

1909 – Gabrielle Roy (d. 1983) was a French Canadian authoress who was a part of the Feminist and CanLit movements. Before Ms. Roy was a writer, she was a teacher who taught at rural schools in Marchand and Cardinal.

Died on this day in…

1991 – Gloria Holden (b. 1903) was an American actress whose most popular role was Dracula’s Daughter. Throughout her life, Ms. Holden was married three different times. It is said that actor William Holden, whose birth name is Bill Beadle, took the name “Holden” because of Ms. Holden’s ex-husband, Harold Winston (who as William Holden’s scout).

2001 – Sabiha Gökçen (b. 1913) was a Turkish aviator and first female Turkish combat pilot. Some sources state that Ms. Gökçen was the world’s first-ever female pilot. She was one of the adopted children of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the first president of the Turkish Republic.

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